When I was 10 years old my grandmother and sister took a trip to go visit my great grandmother in Mexico. This was the first time that I had visited Zacatecas, which is the part of Mexico where my family is from. When we arrived, I was really taken back by the pretty buildings especially the cathedrals. The Center of Zacatecas is on the southern side of Zacatecas next to Grillo Hills; it is most known for the intricate architecture and where it’s placed on the land which is very steep providing captivating sceneries. The historic center of Zacatecas was inscribed onto the world heritage list in 1993 under criteria ii.) and iv.).
Brief History of Zacatecas
The Center of Zacatecas was established in 1546 when people had discovered silver in the area. The expansion of Zacatecas lead to the south where the first church was constructed and new houses lining the Arroyo del Plata which is now the main street of the Historic Center of Zacatecas. The mining town of Zacatecas was different from any other town because of the topography of it; the town was on a steep valley which made it hard to communicate within the mines and working locations. Because of the economic standing of this town in the early years of silver mining, it was easy for the spread of Christianity to also begin to prosper. The convent of San Francisco began to establish missions as far as California and Texas.
Zacatecas is one of the towns in Mexico most recognized for being a mining town. It was a center of colonization and prosperous in silver mining as well. The center of Zacatecas reached its best years in the 16th to 17th centuries and began expanding in religious influences in the 18th century. One well known mine is the Eden Mine which is now open for tours which would take visitors back to the times of historic Zacatecas. Mining was a big part of Zacatecas because it helped the town grow and it lead to more expansion like growth in culture and religion.
Authenticity of the town
Due to the lack of economic prosperity that had been previously present in Zacatecas in the earlier centuries, very little construction or modernization has been done which has greatly helped the town with saving its history through the towns buildings and overall. The conservation of the buildings and of the center of Zacatecas in general has been closely monitored by the municipal of the town as well as private owners. The historic buildings have been secured by the Federal Law on Monuments and Archaeological, Historic and Artistic Zones of 1972 which is described in the UNESCO website as well as State government laws. Both the Junta de Monumentos and the Ayuntamiento and INAH are in charge of supervising that the site of the Centro of Zacatecas is well maintained.