The Chichen Itza site in Yucatan, Mexico is known as one of the biggest and the most popular Mayan sites which is located roughly 77 miles west of Cancun and Cozumel. This site consists of pyramids and grandiose temples, columns and also ancient sports fields. On the UNESCO website, Chichen Itza fits three criteria which are:(i) to represent a masterpiece of human creative genius; this is shown through the architecture specifically in the Great Ball Court, Temple of Kukulkan, and Temple of the Warriors. These inhibit a great sense of beauty and creative genius in the carvings of the temples as well as the walls that surround the ball courts. The second criteria is also present; (ii) to exhibit an important interchange of human values, over a span of time or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design; The town of Chichen Itza is shown to be influential to the whole area in which it surrounds for the fact that it represented a diverse city. The last of the criteria is number three, (iii) to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared; Chichen Itza is one of the most significant sites of the Mayan history and civilization. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/483
Each temple had 365 steps which represented the days in the year of the Mayan Calendar; in addition there was 18 platforms thought to signify the months in the year and 52 panels that represented the weeks in the year.
The people of Chichen Itza also enjoyed events like we do today. They were believed to play a sport that used a ball similar to that of a soccer ball. With these games they would draw out big crowds like the sports of today do; the only big difference is that according to the carvings detailing the game, the losing team’s leader would be decapitated and their skulls to be used as base for forming new rubber balls.
Something else that is really interesting is the Mayans structure in Chichen Itza which is known as “El Caracol”; this observatory is where the people of Chichen Itza would watch the stars and the sky.
The site is visited very frequently which requires for routine maintenance of the grounds and temples in order to keep the site as well preserved for many more visitors can enjoy it in the years to come.